Australian Citizenship Application Guide

Australia has a reasonably loyal immigration policy, welcoming valuable professionals, business people and investors from abroad. As a result, more than 30% of the Australian population are migrants. After four years of residence in the country and meeting certain conditions, you can obtain Australian citizenship. Find out about the citizenship application below.

Australian Citizenship Application Guide: Australian Flag


Australian citizenship benefits

As self-explanatory as it is, you could say that the benefits of Australian citizenship are simply the rights of an Australian citizen. One obvious benefit to a foreigner already living in Australia is that you do not have to consider updating your visa or permits in Australia or ever worry about getting deported.

Other than that, an Australian citizen has political rights in Australia. They also get social support (including financial assistance for education). Some government jobs only hire citizens, so there’s another open window for employment.

The Australian passport is also one of the strongest in the world, granting you visa-free entry to most countries worldwide.

Ways to get an Australian citizenship

Australian citizenship by naturalisation: eligibility and requirements

To be eligible to apply for Australian citizenship as a foreigner, you must:

Documents required for Australian citizenship application

To prove your eligibility and identity, you will need to provide the following documents:

Australian citizenship test: what to expect

Before the test, you will be interviewed to confirm your identity and eligibility to apply for citizenship. You must bring the original required documents to be checked; copies are not accepted.

At the exam, you will need to answer questions about Australian citizens’ rights and privileges and Australian values. The test will also check your English language level.

To prepare for the test, learn the material provided by the Australian government: Australian Citizenship: Our Common Bond. Though the test will be in English, the material is in 40 languages.

Australian citizenship certificate photo requirements

Here is an example:

Australian citizenship certificate photo

Get a photo for an Australian citizenship application online!

Citizenship application can be a long road: the road before you can apply takes years, and the application process requires a lot of documents and preparation.

You can take the easy road, for example, by using the professional online photo converter Visafoto. Visafoto will make sure your application photo fulfils the requirements, so you can be confident that you won’t slip up where you don’t need to in the application process.

Simply take a picture of yourself in decent lighting and any background following the guidelines, and Visafoto will take care of the rest of the technicalities like background, size, proportions, and even fix red eyes.

Take an image with a smartphone or camera against any background, upload it here and instantly get a professional photo for your visa, passport or ID.
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Source photo example that you need to take in order to make a passport or visa photo at


Result example: a correct visa or passport photo that you will receive

Take an image with a smartphone or camera against any background, upload it here and instantly get a professional photo for your visa, passport, or ID.

Оriginal photo example

Whether you’re applying online or offline, Visafoto has your back! You will get a file containing your digital photo and a ready-to-print template so you can just print your photo without fussing about paper formatting.

Example photo for an Australian citizenship certificate
Photos for an Australian citizenship certificate for printing

Australian citizenship application processing time

The processing time depends on the process you are going through. This article focuses on citizenship by naturalization. 90% of applications in this category are processed within 18 months. Meanwhile, 90% of citizenship by descent applications are processed within 4 months.

What to do if you fail an Australian citizenship test?

If you fail your citizenship exam, you can book another test and try again, even on the same day. However, if you fail three citizenship tests, you will need to wait two years before retaking the test.

Can you leave Australia while waiting for an Australian citizenship certificate?

Yes, you can. For the process to continue, you must return to Australia or provide an intended return date.

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